Posted in design, Library

World’s Famous Libraries That Every Bookworm Will Love

They say that the human brains hold all the wonders of the world. The amazing human brain who can take up information directly from experiencing it through the senses and is able to keep and share that valuable information to someone else. However, a single brain, even from the most outstanding scholar, can only hold as much. There is still a need to secure all the important information about the world and its history for future generation’s appreciation.

For all things that a single man cannot learn and want to share to the world, we have the libraries. The libraries may be a little bit outdated at this point in time, but what I can tell you is that to never understatement the power of books. Even with the advent of mobile internet and social media, people still go back to books and spend time in libraries to enjoy the good-‘ol-ages.

The libraries are monuments of the pinnacle of evolution. It holds both the key to future and the glimpse of the past. This is very reason why people preserve libraries as much as they could. Out of the preservation efforts, there are a few libraries found in some parts of the world that are considered to contain the treasures of the world itself. Having the massive sizes and volumes it houses, these libraries are definitely a place where everyone can get hooked to any book they picked.

The Admont Abbey Library – Admont, Austria

Situated on the Enns River in the town of Admont, the Admont Abbey Library is the largest monastery library in the world. Constructed in year 1776, the greatly Baroque inspired library was designed by architect Joseph Hueber. The library was embellished with white and gold hues perfectly reflected by the light endowed with the structure’s 48 windows. It is also crowned with seven cupolas with a ceiling filled with Bartolomeo Altomonte’s frescoes illustrating the diverse phases of human knowledge. Admont Abbey Library is also famous for the depictions of death, heaven, hell and the last judgment illustrated in the form of the “Four Last Things” sculptures which were done by Joseph Stammel, an Australian sculptor also famous during the Baroque era.

On the other hand, the renowned library currently holds 70,000 of the monastery’s 200,000 volumes of literatures and the most priceless amid these are the 1,400+ manuscripts which includes the oldest copy dating to the 8th century AD from the St. Peter’s Abbey in Salzburg and 530 incunabulae printed before 1500.

George Peabody Library in Baltimore, Maryland, USA

The George Peabody Library is located on the Peabody campus at West Mount Vernon Place in the Mount Vernon Beldevere momentous cultural area of north downtown Baltimore, Maryland. The said library is formerly known as the Library of the Peabody Institute, the Johns Hopkins University’s 19th century focused research based library. The establishment was funded by the philanthropist George Peabody, and was built for the common good of the citizens of Baltimore.

Designed by architect Edmund Lind, the George Peabody Library was completed in 1878 and became popular as the Cathedral of Books. Peabody Library is renowned for its soaring 61 feet high atrium which serves as skylight that allows natural light to touch the books – which provides an enchanting view for the users. Moreover, the interior of the great library is embellished with stunning, monumental Neo-Greco ornaments, and the atrium is bounded by five levels of black cast iron loggias and gold scalloped columns.

George Peabody Library contains over 300,000 volumes of books and is notable for its historic contents particularly on the realm of religion, architecture, British art, topography and diverse histories.

Central Library of Vancouver, Canada

The Central Library of Vancouver, or commonly known as the Vancouver Public Library, is a structure designed by architect Moshe Safdie and highly resembles a modern day Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum. It is a nine story rectangular-shaped establishment encompassing book stacks and services, enclosed by a free standing oblique colonnaded wall featuring study and reading areas that are accessed by the use of bridges across skylight wells.

Being one of the most well-funded structures of all Vancouver, the planning and designing of the library was done through contest and the winning architectural team, the team led by Safdie submitted the most radical yet publicly favored design. In order to construct the dream library, the federal government demanded that as an inclusion to the initial plan, a 21-storey office building was to be built along with it. The construction started in the year 1993 and was completed after two years.

Volumes are divided among the VPL branches and the Central Library of Vancouver holds over 1.3 million volumes of it.

The Royal Library Of Copenhagen in Copenhagen, Denmark

The Royal Library of Copenhagen is the state library of Denmark and the academe library of the University of Copenhagen. It is regarded as the largest library in the Nordic countries. The structure was completed in the year 1999 and was regarded as the Black Diamond since then. The neo-modern two black-cubed library got the Black Diamond name from its building which is enveloped with polished black granite and irregular angles originally designed by the Schmidt Hammer Lassen architects. The only part of the library that isn’t composed of black granite is the atrium – made from glass solely. The eight story glass atrium serves as a path for the light to travel inside the interior of the building which also provides great view of the water.

The Black Diamond get a hold of Danish books through legal deposit. These books include an almost complete collection of all Danish printed books dated from year 1482. Last 2006, legal deposit was lengthened to electronic publications and currently the library yields four electronic copies of the Danish Internet annually. Furthemore, the royal Library also encloses a large and momentous collection of aged foreign scholarly and scientific literature, counting high valued books such as the Gutenberg Bible. The library holds several treasured scripts and writings which are inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register.

Boston Public Library in Boston, Massachusetts, USA

The Boston Public Library situated in Boston, Massachusetts is the city’s foremost library system and also the library for the Commonwealth. The library is famous for its unbelievable courtyard, atrium, Italian inspired architecture and archetypal reading room which is known as the Bates Hall (named after Joshua Bates, the library’s primary benefactor).

Apart from the aforementioned, the Boston Public Library holds a collection of over 23.7 million literature items, which makes the library one of the largest metropolitan public library systems in the whole of United States. Comprising the library’s research anthology are more than 1.7 million rare manuscripts, incunabula and books.

Trinity College Dublin Library in Dublin, Ireland

The Trinity College Dublin Library serves the University of Dublin and the Trinity College. It is known as the largest library situated in Ireland. The structure is a “copyright library” and has the privilege to freely obtain materials published within the Republic of Ireland. Moreover, the Trinity College Dublin Library is the only Irish library that is given such right for the United Kingdom.

On the other hand, the Trinity College Dublin Library is famous for its Long Room. The 213-foot long core room is enclosed in dark wood pilasters and lined with marble busts – 14 of it were done by sculptor Pieter Scheemakers. The busts collection is comprised of noble writers, great philosophers and chief benefactors who supported the college. The famed main chamber was built between 1712 and 1732, and it houses 200,000 of the library’s oldest books and manuscripts. Likewise, it also contains one of the existing copies of the 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic. The eminent library is also a home to the celebrated Book of Kells.

New York Public Library in New York, New York, USA

Ranked as the third largest library in the world, the New York Public Library is a civic library structure in New York City. It is also the second largest library in the United States of America with volumes ranging to nearly 53 million.

The mesmerizing Beaux-Arts landmark was one of the prevalent marble made structures in the US when it was built. The reading area measures 297 feet long by 87 feet wide, and has 42 extensive oak tables for visitors and users to sit in. Being founded in the year 1895, the New York Public Library is a functioning full blown library system that composes of 88 scattered branches and four scholarly research centers. Because of its accessibility, the New York Public Library reaches out to all new Yorkers and provide very helpful resources to all.

Posted in Art, design

Eye-Catching Statues And Awe Inspiring Sculptures Around The World

Visual art is something only a very few of humans can achieve, let alone having the skill and talent to create masterpieces. The creation of something beautiful, realistic, intriguing, and amazing pieces art are undeniably are the works of no less than a genius. Personally, as much as I wanted to have at least a small amount of talent to draw, at the end of the day, this dream always become a frustration.

Among the known techniques of visual art is a 3D works that requires not just the default set of skills of an artist but also more on the physical capability and endurance. Sculpturing is probably the most difficult form of visual art even with just considering the effort of manually molding, breaking, and forming hard objects into something awesome. I have all my awe and respect to all sculptures, past and present, for their works is really a no joke.

Having the ability to showcase their genius minds through massive sculpted structures, a few artists made masterpieces on streets and lands on different countries around the world. These masterpieces can be easily accessed and enjoyed by tourists and are resilient enough to stand the test of time. Check out some of the best samples of these public masterpieces famously known in the world.

EXPANSION

Expansion is a work of art by Paige Bradley, an American sculptor famous for representative symbolic bronzes. The artist made the sculpture amidst the time when abstract and conceptual technique were more sought after. For Bradley, figurative statues are timeless and still speaks the universal language which expresses the impact of human experience. This work shows the beauty of the human form while incorporating a metaphor for the uncontrollable yearning of the human spirit.

The Expansion is a blended work of bronze and electricity portraying a woman’s body. Bright lights radiates from the fractures in the woman meditating in a lotus position.

The Expansion is a figurative contemporary representation of Bradley’s ideas of freedom from containment. With the help of tools like wax, bronze and lighting system, the artist was able to impart her thoughts about liberty from suppression thru this majestic sculpture.

THE MONUMENT OF AN ANONYMOUS PASSERBY

The Monument of an Anonymous Passerby, also known as “Transition” or “The Passing”, is a public installation in the busy section of Wroclaw, Poland. This breathtaking set of human statues was done by Jerzy Kalina, an award winning Polish artist.

The renowned public installation was erected in December 2005 and honors the introduction of martial law as well as the people who vanished and went underground in the night of December 13 in year 1981.

The Monument of an Anonymous Passerby embodies the great suffering of the ordinary Polish Silesians over the abusive dictators of the land. Despite the serious subject pertaining to Polish history, this work of art is truly something to be proud of for the Polish people.

TRANSCENDENCE

Meanwhile, in Portland, Oregon, you’ll see the noticeable Salmon sculpture crashed in red brickwork building. This wall installation is known as Transcendence, an outdoor sculpture done by Keith Jellum – an Oregon based sculptor. With the use of bronze, copper, and steel, Jellum hand fabricates and casts massive sculptures and exceptional weathervanes.

Transcendence measure 3.4 meter (11 feet) long and is made using hard forged and welded bronze.

MONOLITHIC HUMAN FIGURES

The Monolithic Human Figures can be found in Moai, Easter Island. This amazing rock carvings was shaped by the Rapa Nui people between 1250 and 1500. The moia statues are most of the time 40% head and 60% the rest of the body. The largest among the many statues surrounding the island was named “Paro” and this one stands 10 meters tall and weighs 75 tons. However, “Paro” is not the heaviest among the group. Once squatting moai weighed almost 86 tons and is considered the heaviest. There is one unfinished sculpture that if completed, it would have been approximately 21 meters (69 ft) tall with a weight of about 270 tons.

MUSTANGS

The Mustangs of Las Colinas is an eye-catching realistic bronze sculpture done by Robert Glen, a famous Kenyan sculptor. This work of art is comprised of nine wild mustangs dashing across a granite man-made watercourse. Glen worked on the mustangs for 8 straight years. This larger than life centerpiece is one of the tourist attractions of the place.

PEOPLE OF THE RIVER

In the historical Cavenagh Bridge of Singapore, you’ll see the “People of the River” statue series which was done by Chong Fah Cheong, a Singaporean sculptor responsible for most popular public sculptures in Singapore.

The People of the River is one of the artist’s depictions of the life of the people living and working alongside the Singapore River. The masterpiece is regarded as one of the most creative statues in the world.

BREAK THROUGH FROM YOUR MOLD

Break Through From Your Mold, also known as Freedom, is a figurative work of art done by Zenos Frudakis, an American sculptor whose subjects comprise of influential individuals’ portraits.

This evocative sculpture of Frudakis is a representation about the struggle for attainment of independence through the imaginative process.

DAVID

Perchance the most celebrated sculpture ever recorded, Italian artist Michelangelo’s David is a masterpiece of Renaissance era and is truly a glorious sight to watch. With a height of 14 feet, David portrays the Biblical hero who was also famously known to be the rival of Goliath.

The sculpture was bespoke for the Cathedral of Florence and still existing for over five centuries.

THE SHOES ON THE DANUBE BANK

On the waterside of the Danube, people have the chance to see 60 pairs of iron casted shoes of different styles and sizes pointing towards the river. The Shoes on the Danube Bank is a commemoration to the people who lost their lives from the carnage committed by the militia men of the Budapest’s Arrow Cross during the Second World War.

This historical cenotaph was erected on April 16, 2005 and was a joint effort of sculptor Gyula Pauer and film director Can Togay. Nowadays, locals and tourists placed candles and flowers inside the shoes.

METALMORPHOSIS

One of the famous works of world renowned Czech sculptor, David Cerny, is the Metalmorphosis found in Charlotte. The art itself is a feat of engineering marvel. 40 pieces of steel were grouped into segments wherein every segment pieces rotate independently, spewing water until such time that all segments are in the right places to create a giant human head. This amazing moving masterpiece attracts foreign visitors to Charlotte every year.

NELSON MANDELA

Created by artist Marco Cianfanelli and Jeremy Rose, the notable Nelson Mandela sculpture was made public in year 2012 and placed on Mandela’s ‘Long Walk to Freedom’, the place where he was arrested by armed apartheid police in 1962. The masterpiece comprises of 50 steel poles of different heights. This monument will serve as remembrance of the historical death of Mandela.

THE GREAT SPHINX OF GIZA

The Great Sphinx of Giza in Egypt, also known as the Sphinx, is a limestone figure of a mythical being with a human head and a lion’s body. The statue was erected on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile River and believed to be the oldest known monumental sculpture in the world which have been built by ancient Egyptian locals around 2558-2531 BC. The Sphinx is acknowledged as the largest monolith statue in the globe with a length of 73.5 meters (241 feet), width of 19.3 meters (63 feet) and a towering height of 20.22 meters (66.34 feet).

THE THINKER

The Thinker is a bronze sculpture done by Augeste Rodin in the year 1904. This work of art is often used as a figure that stands for philosophy. The work illustrates a large life size nude male in deep thoughts as it is sitting on a rock with his chin resting on his right hand.

The statue has been cast in numerous versions and is replicas are found all over the world. There are about 28 bronze casts replicas of the sculpture placed in museums and public places.

THE TERRACE OF THE LIONS

The island of Delos is thought to be the birthplace of the gods. A stone statue called “The Terrace of the Lions” is found in the island and it is said that the statues are dedicated to Apollo, Greek god of the sun, who was born there. Because of weathering, 5 of the original 12 lions only survived and were replaced with replicas to preserve the real ones in Delos Museum. Because of this figurative masterpieces, Delos Island remained to be one of the most famous island in Greece such that it holds strong mythological, historical, and archeological significance not just for the country but for the world.

STATUE OF LIBERTY

Situated on Liberty Island in Manhattan, the Statue of Liberty is a colossal neoclassical sculpture designed by sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and built by Gustave Eiffel. It was officially opened to the public on 28th of October in year 1886 as a present to the United States from the citizens of France. The Statue of Liberty was given to commemorate the 100 years anniversary of the historical signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. This iconic magnum opus signifies freedom and serves as a warm welcoming gesture to immigrants arriving from overseas.

NON-VIOLENCE

No Violence is a bronze sculpture showing an oversized Colt Python .357 Magnum revolver gun with a looped barrel and its muzzle is pointing upwards. The renowned work of genius was made by Swedish artist Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd to honor the death of the singer-songwriter and peace activist John Lennon.

The sculpture has been the symbol of The Non Violence Project since 1993. As of today, there are already 16 duplications of the sculpture around the world.

CATTLE DRIVE

Cattle Drive is a large sculpture showing herd of bronze longhorns rushing through the flowing stream and waterfall. This masterpiece was created by Robert Summers and it memorializes the nineteenth century cattle drives that took place alongside the Shawnee Trail. Each steer is larger than life with a height of six feet high.

SINKING BUILDING OUTSIDE STATE LIBRARY

Another historical landmark that can be found in the streets of Victoria, Melbourne is the Sinking Building Outside State Library. This large piece of art was sanctioned by the local government as part of the city’s art program initiatives.

The theme or story of this masterpiece is rather confusing as different groups share different takes on why the building sank in the first place. Some say that the building sank because of too much books featured inside it. Others tell you that it is a representation of the impossible demand of school to their students, or a dorm sinking due to the number of students staying, together with their furniture.

Whatever the explanation of the art is, in real life, it would be so interesting to see a failure architecture that sank into the ground due to the sheer weight of the things featured inside it.

HIPPOS

Hippos are a set of sculptures conceptualized by director Chen Pao-chung of Taipei Zoo. The Hippos are ingeniously established to complement the African Animal Area of the zoo. Hippos Square served as the zoo’s signature lifeless attraction.

A SCENE FROM THE WORLD WAR

In Eceabat, Turkey, you’ll feel the goosebumps as you may witness the collective masterpiece of A Scene from the World War with real size statues. Though war is truly a painful subject, this historical breathtaking work of art perfectly depicted the chronological events that happened during the World War in Turkey.

A Scene from the World War is a figurative tribute to the brave men who lost their lives and the unimaginable pain for their families while fighting and defending their country. The drama and emotions that the statues want to convey are intensified because of the life-size elements.

On the other hand, this inspiring masterpiece is one of the most visited and must see site in Turkey.